Conducting sustainability impact assessments of world trade agreements


Identifying the components of each trade measure which may give rise to significant economic, social or environmental impacts (according to different scenarios and for different country groups). Identifying the cause-effect routes through which these impacts are likely to occur. Determining the significance of the impacts, using indicators and significance criteria.


In 1999, the European Commission commissioned an independent assessment of the impact that future trade negotiations would have on sustainable development world-wide.


A sustainability assessment of the impact of both past and proposed future WTO liberalization must be undertaken by the US and EU with the full participation of civil society.

Type Classification:
E: Emanations of other strategies
Related UN Sustainable Development Goals:
GOAL 1: No PovertyGOAL 2: Zero HungerGOAL 3: Good Health and Well-beingGOAL 4: Quality EducationGOAL 5: Gender EqualityGOAL 6: Clean Water and SanitationGOAL 7: Affordable and Clean EnergyGOAL 8: Decent Work and Economic GrowthGOAL 9: Industry, Innovation and InfrastructureGOAL 10: Reduced InequalityGOAL 11: Sustainable Cities and CommunitiesGOAL 12: Responsible Consumption and ProductionGOAL 13: Climate ActionGOAL 14: Life Below WaterGOAL 15: Life on LandGOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong InstitutionsGOAL 17: Partnerships to achieve the Goal