Strengthening sustainable development through trade cooperation
This strategy features in the framework of Agenda 21 as formulated at UNCED (Rio de Janeiro, 1992), now coordinated by the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development and implemented through national and local authorities.
Sustainable development may be enhanced through commodity markets, which would function optimally through, [inter alia], improved market transparency involving exchange of views and information on investment plans, prospects and markets for individual commodities. Substantive negotiations between producers and consumers would lead to viable and more efficient international agreements or arrangements which took into account market trends, and to the setting up of study groups. Particularly important are the agreements on cocoa, coffee, sugar and tropical timber. Also important in discussions are occupational health and safety matters, technology transfer, services associated with the production, marketing and promotion of commodities and environmental considerations.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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