Teaching sanitation, nutrition, disease prevention and basic practices of good health.
Health education is provided by all countries to various extents. It has played an important role in the early part of the 20th century in the control of epidemics, protection of mothers and children, the control of social diseases, the improvement in sanitation and the prevention of occupational diseases and injuries.
In practice, health education is presented to the general public through lectures, posters, publications, radio, movies, and television. It is also taught in schools and universities. As a branch of science, it incorporates not only the medical disciplines but also sociology, psychology and pedagogy.
Public awareness of the conditions necessary for a healthy existence can lead to reduced treatment costs, early detection of serious diseases, awareness of proper diet, exercise and hygienic practices and improved quality of life over a longer period. In the places with an extreme shortage of medical services, health education could lead to general reduction of disease through improvements in the practices in the home that contribute to good health.
Focus on the conditions for longer, healthier life can take attention away from other social issues which arise from increasingly aged populations. Health education by itself, in the absence of medical services, can contribute to unrealistic demands among the population of a developing country.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.