Avoiding intervention in the economic processes by any government body.
The basic philosophy was developed or taught by Jean Baptiste Say, James and John Stuart Mill, Jeremy Bentham, and Charles de Tocqueville. Society is a group of individuals, highly competitive, possessed of equal rights, who through searching for and acting out of their own economic interests will naturally bring about the general welfare. Generally under criticism throughout the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries, it ceased to be a policy of any modern state by the end of World War I.
1. It is the responsibility of government to care for the general welfare of the public, especially in the economic arena.
2. Laissez faire economics leads to the economic oppression of the masses, especially by those in control of large amounts of wealth.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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