At the UN Population Conference (Cairo, 1994) 150 nations signed the 113 page final document to curb world population growth. This endorsed a 20 year far-reaching programme to stabilize population growth into the next century. With its emphasis on women's rights, the Cairo Conference was a notable departure from previous UN meetings on the subject (in 1974 and 1984) which focused on demographic projections and contraceptive techniques. There was a marked shift in emphasis away from the mechanistic focus on sheer numbers and the simple provision of family planning services towards a 'holistic' developmental attack on population problems which places enhanced women's rights at its core. Key innovations of the Cairo Conference Programme of Action were: (a) the integration of population programmes into sustainable development strategies; (b) proposals for the empowerment of women, defined as being essential for sustainable development; and (c) abandonment of an isolated emphasis of 'family planning' in favour of the concept of reproductive health, [ie] 'complete physical, mental and social well being... in all matter relating to the reproductive system and to its functions and processes'. The cost of the programme must rise from the present US$5,000 million to $17,000 million by the year 2000, rising to $21,700 million in 2015. Some two- thirds of the total must be provided by the developing countries themselves. The donor countries at the conference -- the USA, UK and Japan -- pledged more money to such programmes. The Policy Statement is not binding, nor does it set any targets for the population of individual countries or for the world.