strategy

Adopting environmental codes of conduct for business

Synonyms:
Reporting on implementation of industry environmental codes of conduct
Integrating environmental codes and practice into business planning and decision-making
Description:
Private codes of management practice call upon firms to adopt new forms of environmental behaviour that are systematic in approach and broad in scope. These codes push firms in directions that are different from those required by environmental regulations.
Context:
Unlike regulation, private codes of management practice do not require public resources to develop and enforce. These codes are created and maintained by industry, and individual firms are responsible for ensuring compliance. Codes address community awareness and emergency response, chemical distribution, pollution prevention, process safety, employee health and safety, and product stewardship.

This strategy features in the framework of Agenda 21 as formulated at UNCED (Rio de Janeiro, 1992), now coordinated by the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development and implemented through national and local authorities. Agenda 21 recommends adopting and reporting on the implementation of codes of conduct promoting best environmental practice, such as the International Chamber of Commerce's Business Charter on Sustainable Development and the chemical industry's responsible care initiative.

Implementation:
The Keidanren Global Environment Charter (Japan) requires companies work to (1) protect the global environment and improve the local living environment, (2) take care to protect ecosystems and conserve resources, (3) ensure the environmental soundness of products and (4) protect the health and safety of employees and citizens.
Claim:
1. Private codes are relatively broad and nonspecific: firms assess their own progress in meeting the requirements of the codes, and those with the strongest environmental programs tend to be the major players in code development.
Subjects:
Maternity, paternity
Data, codes
Business enterprises
Industry
Planning
Environment
Policy
Change
Type Classification:
G: Very Specific strategies