Avoiding destruction of soil fauna and micro-organisms
A major consequence of modern agricultural development has been agricultural development has been environmental degradation. As biodiversity is reduced due to specific crop fields, soils then lose much of their biota. Organisms such as [Azotobacter] and [Beijerinckca indica] are effective polysaccharide-producing microbes. These may provide indicators of soil potential. Soil organic matter can decrease for many reasons, one of which involves conventional tillage practices. Better soil management is necessary to increase microbial processes and soil fertility. More research is necessary to predict how soil type, climatic conditions, and management affect below ground microbial ecology in drylands.
The land is not just for the present, but also for future generations. The land is living and provides life for all creatures. If abused that life will soon end. Healthy soil contains humus, available minerals, bacteria, fungi, actinomycetes, earthworms, and many other organisms all working together to produce natural antibiotics and convey disease immunity to plants, animals and people. Earthworms alone will produce 18 to 30 tons of fertiliser per acre each year that is so perfectly balanced that humans cannot produce anything comparable to it.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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