2. The World Bank and foreign lenders such as the U.S. Agency for International Development require developing nations to bolster their economies by creating export industries. These policies create a glut of manufacturing plants in countries that have poorly developed labor and environmental laws, enabling transnational corporations to dictate their purchase prices.
3. Contractors, importers, agents and others are each trying to make a profit from those directly below them on the supply chain. Consequently, factories frequently do not know where their goods are headed, just as manufacturers and merchandisers often do not know a product's source.