The [Convention on Biological Diversity] (CBD) recognizes the sovereign rights of States over their natural resources and that the authority to determine access to genetic resources rests with the national governments and is subject to national legislation. Notwithstanding, it requires that each Contracting Party shall endeavour to create conditions to facilitate access to genetic resources for environmentally sound uses by other Contracting Parties and not to impose restrictions that run counter to the objectives of biodiversity conservation. Access, where granted, should be on mutually agreed terms and subject to prior informed consent of the Contracting Party providing such resources. In addition, any scientific research based on genetic resources provided by other Contracting Parties should be developed with the full participation of, and where possible in, the originating State. The results of research and development and the benefits arising from the commercial and other utilization of genetic resources shall be shared in a fair and equitable way with the Contracting Party providing such resources, upon mutually agreed terms.
South Africa both depends upon genetic material from elsewhere and contains an extraordinary diversity of indigenous genetic material which has the potential to be used in a range of commercial and environmental applications. As is the case for other countries in the world, South Africa is heavily dependent upon material from elsewhere for its agriculture, horticulture, and forestry industries, as well as for the biological control of pest species and thus requires continued access to the broader genepool of genetic resources located elsewhere in the world. This requires continued coordination and cooperation with other countries.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.