To achieve the goals of the strategy, developing countries need to mobilize adequate financial resources and allocate adequate personnel resources to the water sector. However it may not be realistic to expect many developing countries to divert many more resources to the water sector in the short-to-medium term. Therefore, measures to stretch current allocations to the water sector are needed, including: (a) introducing cost-recovery schemes where water is currently subsidized; (b) encouraging the active participation of local communities in the operation and maintenance of facilities; (c) allowing the private sector to play a greater role. In many countries, self-help activities may need to be supplemented by external assistance if significant progress is to be made in any aspect of water resources development.
At the global level, an extensive network of institutions has been established to co-ordinate policies in the water resources field. In 1980 the Administrative Committee on Co-ordination (ACC) formed the Intersecretariat Group for Water Resources to co-ordinate policies among all the UN agencies dealing with water resources. After the launching of the [International Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Decade] in 1980, the executive heads of UNDP and WHO created the Steering Committee for Co-operative Action for the Decade. The Group includes the 11 agencies with programmes in water supply and sanitation and utilizes the UNDP resident representative in each developing country as a focal point for co-ordinating such programmes. Both groups have been very active during the 1980s, and the co-ordination of UN water-sector activities at the country level has improved considerably. Nonetheless, a greater degree of co-ordination of the activities of multilateral institutions and bilateral aid agencies would further enhance the impact of external assistance. One funding agency, DANIDA, has prepared a series of strategies that examine environmental issues in water resources management.