Financing biodiversity conservation through emissions trading
The opportunity of linking two Rio Conventions - the [Convention on Biological Diversity] and the [Framework Convention on Climate Change] (FCCC) - through the [Kyoto Protocol] could potentially create incentives and generate significant financial resources for more effective and sustainable management of forests and other carbon-sequestering ecosystems. Three measures are included: joint implementation, the clean development mechanism and emission trading. These measures will allow countries to buy, sell or trade reductions in greenhouse gas emissions. It is still too early to assess the potential impacts of the [Kyoto Protocol] for biodiversity, but with careful consideration of both the climate change and biodiversity agendas, the [Kyoto Protocol] could be developed as an innovative financial instrument that supports the objectives of both the FCCC and the CBD.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.