strategy

Undertaking civilian protest

Synonyms:
Protesting social issues
Mounting civil resistance movement
Using civil intervention
Context:
Protest is a variety of policy conflict, more direct than dipolomacy or political negotiation and less extreme than insurrection or rebellion. Protesters may wish to view their actions as a form of negotiation and their opponents may wish to view the protests as a form of insurrection. protests occur when the political establishment excludes or surpresses a sizeable plurality of opinion and seeks to make that opinion illegitimate. Protest demonstrates the size of the dissenting plurality and forces the establishment to recognize that assent to a political policy is insufficient. In such a situation, consent is absent. Protest makes what Noam Choamsky calls the "manufacture of consent" impossible.

Victory in protest is obtained when the establishment concedes the protesters right to exist.

Implementation:
The US Direct Action Network strategy for protest at the 1999 Seattle World Trade Organization meeting comprised a "Peoples Convergence" consisting of three waves of blockaders enclosing the WTO conference site. The first wave consisted of "affinity groups" who had opted for non-violent civil disobedience and arrest. Their job was to penetrate the area close to the conference site, seize the dozen strategic intersections which controlled movement in the protest target and hang on until reinforcements arrived. The second wave comprised protesters who had opted for non-violent demonstration and not being arrested. Their task was to protect the first wave from police violence and plug up the streets by sheer numbers and passive resistance. The third wave was a march by the People's Assembly, composed mostly of environmental and human rights groups who elected to participated in the street protests.
Constrained by:
Quieting civil unrest
Subjects:
Social
Resistance
Civil
Citizenship
Sanctions
Type Classification:
C: Cross-sectoral strategies