Applying norms in criminal justice Developing crime prevention rules
The seventh [United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders] in 1985 elaborated the [Milan Plan of Action] and the [Guiding Principles for Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice in the Context of Development and a New International Economic Order]. This took into account the [Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power], the [Safeguards Guaranteeing Protection of the Rights of those facing the Death Penalty] of 1984, the [Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials], the [Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary], the [Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners], the UN [Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice] (the Beijing Rules), and the [Model Agreement on the Transfer of Foreign Prisoners].
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.