Researchers have managed to make a monkey move a cursor on a computer screen by the power of thought. It is thought that such technology could enable totally paralysed patients to operate robotic devices such as a robotic arm, or a computer. The researcher first looked at MRI scans of the brain to determine which sections of a part of the monkey's brain called the posterior parietal cortex were responsible for certain body movements, they then implanted electrodes into the area. After analysing the monkey's brain as it touched dots on a touch-sensitive computer screen, the researchers then trained the monkey to think about a movement without touching the screen. By hooking a computer that interpreted the monkey's thoughts up to the implanted electrodes, the monkey was then able to move the cursor, simply by thinking about it.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.