This strategy features in the framework of Agenda 21 as formulated at UNCED (Rio de Janeiro, 1992), now coordinated by the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development and implemented through national and local authorities.
The LIFE programme of the European Union was the only one which supported ecological initiatives in all parts of Europe, irrespective of how well-off they were. Its total budget was 450 million euro for the period from 1997 to 1999. It supported three main types of projects: LIFE-Nature, which sought to protect animals and plants, as well as their habitats, LIFE-Environment and LIFE-Third Countries. The projects approved for co-financing ranged from a radio-controlled robot submarine to recover oil and other dangerous substances that have leaked from sunken vessels to the sustainable management of high tourist flows and the creation of job opportunities.
2. A few Asian countries, notably Japan and Singapore, have used their growing wealth to improve their environment. Other Asian countries could do the same, provided governments set the right regulatory incentives, abolished politically sensitive fuel and energy subsidies, and allowed private sector participation in areas such as sanitation and water supply.