Assisting developing countries improve scientific capabilities on climate change and the marine environment

Countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America may equal or exceed the greenhouse gas emissions of developed countries within the next two decades. Fossil fuel combustion is associated with both greenhouse gas emissions and local air pollution. The latter also has a serious impact on human health. It is therefore important that European and other developed countries embark on cooperative activities with developing countries to adopt mitigation measures to reduce both the effects of future climate change and the direct health burdens associated with fossil fuel combustion.
This strategy features in the framework of Agenda 21 as formulated at UNCED (Rio de Janeiro, 1992), now coordinated by the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development and implemented through national and local authorities.

Recommendation F of the World Health Organization (WHO) working group preparing for the London Health and Environment Conference (June 1999) advocates orientating the activities of bilateral and international donor agencies and other interagency bodies to provide resources and technical assistance to countries in need, for the implementation of both mitigation and adaptation strategies. These strategies should be designed to reduce the short- and long-term health impacts of climate change, fossil fuel combustion and stratospheric ozone depletion.

To address critical uncertainties through systematic coastal and marine observations and research, coastal states should cooperate in the development of procedures that allow for comparable analysis and soundness of data. They should also cooperate on a subregional and regional basis, through existing programmes where applicable, share infrastructure and expensive and sophisticated equipment, develop quality assurance procedures and develop human resources jointly. Special attention should be given to transfer of scientific and technological knowledge and means to support states, particularly developing countries, in the development of endogenous capabilities.
Type Classification:
G: Very Specific strategies
Related UN Sustainable Development Goals:
GOAL 13: Climate ActionGOAL 14: Life Below WaterGOAL 15: Life on Land