Information warfare is not so much about perception management as orientation management. Information is both the target and the weapon: the weapon effect is predictable error.
Information warfare is about destroying information, reducing information flows, reducing the reliability of information content, and denying access to services.
Information warfare is defined as "actions taken to achieve relatively greater understanding of the strengths, weaknesses, and centers of gravity of an adversary's military, political, social, and economic infrastructure in order to deny, exploit, influence, corrupt, or destroy those adversary information-based activities thorough command and control warfare and information attack."
2. Robert Steele argues that information warfare is "about applied intellect - it is about harnessing intellect and protecting intellect, and it is above all about providing the commander - including the civil commander in the role of political, economic, or cultural leader - with survivable, reliable, decision-support through war and operations other than war, on the home front as well as on the traditional front line - and to do so largely with 'out of control' civil resources."< 3. One cannot harness the distributed intelligence of a nation if the information content is diverted or destroyed.
4. Historical patterns reveal that information warfare is undoubtedly the warfare of the future.