An employer has a duty to protect employees from tobacco smoke but imposing an immediate smoking ban in the workplace may create problems and fail to address the difficulties that may be faced by smokers. Smoking behaviour is rooted in a powerful, physically addictive substance, nicotine, and employers should recognise that employees may need help. Having a smoking room is an option, but there are pros and cons with offering such facilities and the right solution may differ from one employer to the next. The elements of a successful policy include: (1) acceptance of the right not to be exposed to tobacco smoke; (2) consultation with employees and trade unions; (3) a timetable to bring in changes; (4) concrete support for attempts to quit smoking; (5) clear decisions on whether there will be a smoking room or how long it will be retained; (6) clear policies on smoking breaks.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.