The process of accession to the EU requires countries to apply and develop their capacity to enforce the current EU environmental policy. This policy is still very much based on standards and a "command and control" approach, and this focuses attention on investments and revenue-raising to meet these regulations. Some estimates suggest that up to 120 billion ecus are required for water, air and waste for the 10 accession countries existing at the end of 1999 This does not take into account the alignment of labour and occupational health and safety legislation that is also required in the accession partnerships. In addition, EU accession implies reforming the current environmental charges/funding mechanisms of the accession countries. The fund resources are understood by EU legislation to be state aid and are strictly regulated within the EU. The same problem arises with tax exemptions.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.