As an addition to the approach of distributing vitamin pills and providing injections and food supplements, WHO has funded a food-based solution to the problem of micronutrient deficiencies. Plant scientists in a 15-nation consortium is involving several international crop improvement centres to develop the food-based solution to micronutrient malnutrition. The aim is to help the National Agricultural Research Programmes in developing countries to breed new varieties with higher micronutrient content. The first stage is screening seeds of many of the world's wheat, barley, maize and rice varieties for types with a higher content of deficient micronutrients such as iron, zinc, iodine and Vitamin A.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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