Increasing technical innovation Requiring innovation of techniques Demanding development of new tools Sustaining requirement for new industrial techniques Maintaining continual demand for technical innovation in industry Initiating technological innovation Providing innovative power Engaging in technical development Improving industrial design
Technological innovations that have reduced the costs of transport and communications, together with the dismantling of trade barriers over the last decade of the 20th century, led to accelerated growth in global trade. In 2000, world trade volumes increased by around 12.5 percent, the highest rate of growth since before the first oil shock of the 1970s. Most developed countries and many developing countries boosted export and GDP growth over the 1990s. However, the world's poorest countries, especially those torn by conflict in Africa, have not kept pace and, in fact, economic growth is gradually falling.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.