Developing education systems adapted to new technologies Developing education systems adapted to new employment opportunities Improving ability of educational systems to keep pace with technological advancement
During the 1980s there was a growing awareness of the importance of designing policies to develop education systems adapted to observed and anticipated changes in technology, production, employment opportunities, international relations, communications and trade, as well as to changes in cultural and social patterns. This adaptation was marked by more pressing economic and financial constraints than in the past, especially in countries that were forced to adopt structural adjustment policies, and by the reduction of employment demand. This has led to a search for educational opportunities that would cope more effectively with these new challenges within each country's specific socio-cultural context.
For many countries, new strategies have been defined, drawing on research results, using new management techniques and financial arrangements, and introducing educational innovations, often using the new information and communication technologies. UNESCO has focused on developing national capacities and international cooperation for appropriate educational policies and strategies, and on supporting areas of educational management, innovation, technology and research.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.