Undertaking environmental monitoring and assessments

Increasing environmental reporting
Maintaining environmental information systems
Providing environmental reports
Improving environmental monitoring

Integrated environmental assessment needs to be firmly based on reliable technical data and information. Environmental progress and policy effectiveness can be assessed only if quality data are routinely collected through monitoring systems. However, environmental monitoring infrastructure is poorly developed in most countries, making regular production of policy-relevant environmental data and indicators impossible. The situation is being exacerbated by the decline of some existing monitoring systems due to shrinking resources.


This strategy features in the framework of Agenda 21 as formulated at UNCED (Rio de Janeiro, 1992), now coordinated by the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development and implemented through national and local authorities.

Agenda 21 recommends:


Environmental assessments need data that are geo-referenced and information that is broken down by spatial areas other than administrative units. These data are still relatively scarce.

Automated Environmental Monitoring Network (MEDNET) (1100054178)
n Monitoring Network in East Asia (EANET) (1100019552)
ring of the Environment for Sustainable Development (AMESD) (1122274372)
rding Monitoring of the Stratosphere (1100002698)
or Radiation Monitoring and Early Warning (1100051010)
ing and Assessment Programme (AMAP) (1100011430)
the Joint Financing of a North Atlantic Height Monitoring System (1100036712)
odiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP) (1122268960)
ogramme for Monitoring and Evaluation of the Long-range Transmission of Air Pollutants in Europe (EMEP) (1100059321)
re Conservation Research Monitoring and Training Centre (1100022476)
Asia Monitoring (EUCAM) (1122280615)
eef Monitoring Network (GCRMN) (1100028039)
ment Monitoring System (GEMS) (1100011232)
Pollution Monitoring System (MARPOLMON) (1100035444)
nitoring Centre (GFMC) (1100003720)
Cooperative Programme on Integrated Monitoring of Air Pollution Effects on Ecosystems (ICP-IM) (1100009272)
World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UN Environment WCMC) (1100055313)
ernational Network for Terrestrial Research and Monitoring in the Arctic (INTERACT) (1122277999)
erence Laboratories for Monitoring of Emerging Environmental Pollutants (NORMAN Network) (1122274680)
ng Alliance (WMA) (1100032611)
Monitoring Service (WGMS) (1100010899)
on Geographical Monitoring and Forecasting (1100007889)
te for Water, Environment and Health (GIWEH) (1122277187)
Union of Air Pollution Prevention and Environmental Protection Associations (IUAPPA) (1100014599)
Regional Environment Centre and Network (HoA-REN) (1100037804)
Environmental Modelling and Software Society (IEMSS) (1100028311)
ssociation for Environmental Assessment (WAAEA) (1100018915)
an Institute for Environmental Assessment (SAIEA) (1100043457)
nvironmental Policy (1100058196)
onmental Bureau (EEB) (1100033217)
Management Accounting Network (EMAN) (1100047037)
onment Information and Observation Network (EIONET) (1100062813)
Network for Environmental Compliance and Enforcement (INECE) (1100058289)
mental Research Institute (1100045070)
mental Information Exchange Network (INFOTERRA) (1100067497)
Type Classification:
E: Emanations of other strategies
Related UN Sustainable Development Goals:
GOAL 12: Responsible Consumption and ProductionGOAL 15: Life on LandGOAL 17: Partnerships to achieve the Goal