Conduct more research on the socio-economic causes of environmental deterioration and the interlinkages within and among environmental and sustainability issues in order to define the priority issues and suggest ways of addressing them.
New institutional partnerships involving governments, the private sector, academia, NGOs and civil society are needed at the global, regional and national levels. Taking into account that most changes to the global environment cannot be reversed quickly, and despite scientific uncertainties, decision makers need to adopt wise, cost-effective and adaptive management approaches that can be implemented now.
The same driving forces - population size, consumption levels and choice of technologies - underlie all global environmental problems. All people affect the environment, and vice versa, but the rich have a disproportionately higher impact and the poor tend to be most vulnerable to the effects of environmental degradation.