The foreign and security policy of the European Union (EU) has been evolving since the 1960s and the reorganization of transatlantic relations within NATO following the end of the Cold War. The [Treaty of Amsterdam] (1997) introduces three major structural innovations: (1) the Secretary-General of the European Council is appointed as High Representative for the common foreign and security policy; (2) the representation of the EU and the conduct of the common foreign and security policy is entrusted to a [troika], consisting of the President of the Council, a member of the Commission and the Secretary-General of the Council- the High Representative (this replaces previous [troika] consisting of the current President of the Council and his immediate predecessor and successor); the creation of a Policy Planning and Early Warning Unit for foreign policy, consisting of officials and experts from national administrations, the Commission, the Council and the Western European Union (WEU). In addition, procedures of decision-making have been strengthened with devices of guidelines and strategies for joint action. However, the so-called "common policy" is still subject to the unanimous will of the governments where there are military implications.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
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