Harbouring persecuted Sanctuary Providing physical security for refugees and asylum-seekers Offering humanitarian refuges Providing safe refuge
Providing a place of shelter and refuge where individuals persecuted by their enemies are safe. The right of asylum is the right of a specific place, person or object to afford protection to the hunted because of its inherent religious or political power. Nations and social groups today provide asylum. Asylum may be based on religious, moral cultural or political realities.
In ancient Greece all temples and altars were asylums. The right of asylum in churches continued in some countries through the 19th Century. Israel flew Ethiopian Jews to Israel, insisting that they were being maltreated in their homeland and offers asylum to Russian Jews on the same basis. Since the advent of the Cold War, those who flee either communist or non-communist regimes are offered political asylum by the other.
Granting asylum suggests a superior social system to the larger world.
1. While asylum may be satisfactory for individual cases, it may be provocative at the general social level.
2. Asylum may result in numbers of people leaving a country for reasons other than persecution (such as economic) and thereby create unnecessary problems for the host and home countries.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
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