Development agencies, for their part, have not always been willing or able to provide assistance for uprooted persons, especially when recipient governments refuse to include refugees or displaced persons in the regular development aid provided them. However, when programmes benefit local communities as well as refugees and the displaced, they have found greater response from local and national authorities. It is important that community-based programmes be introduced as an effective way of providing assistance in situations where the local community is equally in need.
Providing development assistance to internally displaced persons caught up in conflict situations is a special challenge. Nevertheless, much more could be done to assist the internally displaced to develop opportunities for self-reliance. UNIFEM has developed several low-budget projects for war-torn countries that include the provision of seeds and tools and income-earning activities for internally displaced women. It has found that training and small-scale programmes can be introduced even though traditional development requirements have not been met. It is seeking to develop new strategies to translate the link between relief and development assistance into concrete operational terms.
Consideration should further be given to introducing regional processes, such as CIREFCA, into appropriate areas so as to involve governments, NGOs and development agencies in integrating uprooted persons into national development plans.