Financing small agricultural enterprise Sustaining small agricultural efforts
Relatively few institutional loans are available to small farms which are therefore forced to rely on informal credit markets where real interest rates are typically 50% or higher. These farms are thus discouraged from using credit to finance technological improvements such as the introduction of high-yielding varieties of seed, inorganic fertilizers or chemical pest and weed controls. They resort to borrowing mainly in emergencies such as crop failure. Small farms generally have less contact than large farms with government seed and fertilizer programmes and extension services and are usually inadequately connected to the main markets.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
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