Implementing sustainable strategies through regional planning
Sustainable strategies are needed to facilitate humans to live within the Earth's carrying capacity. Ensuring global sustainability requires not only national but international concensus. Regional planning can be an important element in achieving this.
MedWet is an initiative of the Mediterranean countries. It was conceived as a long-term effort by governments and NGOs to strengthen the ecological and cultural unity of the Mediterrean region. Since its initiation, two major projects involving more than ten Mediterranean countries have been completed. The projects have helped to develop methodological tools for wetland conservation and management, to stimulate concrete actions at of pilot sites and to develop policy guidelines in cooperation with national NGOs and experts. The Ramsar Bureau played a key role in the projects. Two further projects started at 1998: MedWet3 and MedWet4 ("the Evian Project") that involve actions at about twenty wetland sites in ten countries. All projects are designed to implement the [Mediterrean Wetland Strategy], which was prepared by the MedWet partners and endorsed by the Conference on Mediterranean Wetlands (Venice, June 1996). The Strategy "to stop and reverse the loss and degradation of Mediterranan wetlands as a contribution to the conservation of biodiversity and sustainable development in the region". Its general objectives are: (1) to obtain the widest possible acceptance for the [Mediterranean Wetland Strategy] and commitments to its implementation; (2) to achieve the wise use of Mediterrean wetlands, including restoration or rehabilition of lost and degraded wetlands; (3) to increase knowledge and raise awareness of wetland functions and values throughout the Mediterranean; (4) to reinforce the capacity of institutions and organizations in the Mediterranean to secure conservation and wise use of wetlands; (5) to ensure that all wetlands in the Mediterranean with a protected status are managed effectively; (6) to confer legal protection on the major Mediterranean wetlands and strengthen relevant legal frameworks; (7) to strengthen international cooperation for wetlands in the the Mediterranean, including technical and financial assistance; and (8) to strengthen collaboration among governmental, non-governmental organizations and the private sector for wetland conservation and wise use in the Mediterranean.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.