Coordinating regional sustainable development activities
This strategy features in the framework of Agenda 21 as formulated at UNCED (Rio de Janeiro, 1992), now coordinated by the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development and implemented through national and local authorities. Agenda 21 recommends that the UN regional economic commissions should play a leading role in coordinating regional and sub-regional activities by sectoral and other UN bodies and should assist countries in achieving sustainable development. These commissions, regional programmes within the UN system, as well as other regional organizations should review the need for modification of ongoing activities in the light of Agenda 21.
[Towards Sustainability: the Fifth EU Environmental Action Programme] was a strategic environmental policy programme for the period 1993-2000 endorsed by the EU member states. The programme laid out the environmental objectives of the EU to the year 2000 and long-term goals beyond 2000. The priority environmental themes of the programme were climate change, acidification and air quality, protection of nature and biodiversity, management of water resources, the urban environment, coastal zones and waste management. The target groups were: industry, energy, transport, agriculture and tourism. A review of the Programme was carried out by the European Commission in 1995. Using this evaluation as a basis, the Commission submitted a proposal to the Council of Ministers and the European Parliament for a revised programme. The proposal gave priority to actions to: (1) integrate the environment into other policies; (2) broaden the range of instruments; (3) improve implementation and enforcement of legislation; (4) raise awareness; and (5) strengthen international cooperation. The Programme provided a strategic framework for the formulation of specific policy proposals by the European Commission.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.