Encouraging productive skills development through promotion of transnational corporate activity
Providing human resource development through growth of TNCs
The actual contribution of transnational corporations (TNC) to human resource development and the quality of employment they provide varies depending on TNC strategies and structures. It may be tempting for government and trade unions to seek to slow the global expansion of TNCs to protect old established jobs, but it has to be recognized that globalization is a firmly entrenched process which to an increasing extent is becoming a parameter of national economic development. In many ways TNCs provide their affiliates in developing countries with better wages, conditions of work and social security benefits and help workers to acquire better skills. On the other hand competition between countries to attract foreign investment may tempt governments to cut down on social and labour standards -- especially trade union rights -- in the hope of securing extra jobs.
Transnational corporations tend to provide higher-paying and more attractive jobs, on average, than domestic firms, and in addition attract a higher-skilled and competitive workforce.
The fast food industry has helped pioneer employment practices based on low pay and few rights coupled with arduous production-line work. On top of this they have pioneered, world-wide, a psychology of control over their 'crews' to motivate their young workers to identify with idiotic company goals rather than their own individual and collective needs and rights.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a collaboration between UIA and Mankind 2000, started in 1972. It is the result of an ambitious effort to collect and present information on the problems with which humanity is confronted, as well as the challenges such problems pose to concept formation, values and development strategies. Problems included are those identified in international periodicals but especially in the documents of some 60,000 international non-profit organizations, profiled in the Yearbook of International Organizations.
The Encyclopedia includes problems which such groups choose to perceive and act upon, whether or not their existence is denied by others claiming greater expertise. Indeed such claims and counter-claims figure in many of the problem descriptions in order to reflect the often paralyzing dynamics of international debate. In the light of the interdependence demonstrated among world problems in every sector, emphasis is placed on the need for approaches which are sufficiently complex to encompass the factions, conflicts and rival worldviews that undermine collective initiative towards a promising future.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.