A political agreement on the list of labour-intensive services that could qualify for a reduced rate of VAT has been agreed at the informal meeting of EU Finance Ministers in Turku, Finland, from September 10 to 11, 1999. The Ministers agreed to the list of labour-intensive services eligible for reduced VAT rates with the objective of promoting employment in the service sector. Member States will be able to apply the experiment to services in two categories out of a list of five: - small repair services, renovation and repairing of private dwellings; - window cleaning and cleaning in private households; - domestic care services; and - hairdressing. The French Finance Minister, said that from January 15, 2000, France would reduce VAT from 20.6% to 5.6%, for building work in private dwellings and for home help.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
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