In western economies, growth in the service sector was very marked in the past two decades of the twentieth century. This rapid expansion, and concomitant growth in employment, has been driven by a combined growth in services to businesses and social and personal services, in particular in the 1980s.
Overall employment growth in the service sector will slow down in the decade of the 1990s and a polarization of jobs is likely to occur. Currently the service sector in North America and western Europe, in particular the financial sector, retailing and the public sector, is being restructured as manufacturing was in the 1980s, in response to financial constraints, competitive pressure and new technologies. Job cuts and early retirement schemes will be introduced as firms consolidate or are taken over.
The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is a unique, experimental research work of the Union of International Associations. It is currently published as a searchable online platform with profiles of world problems, action strategies, and human values that are interlinked in novel and innovative ways. These connections are based on a range of relationships such as broader and narrower scope, aggravation, relatedness and more. By concentrating on these links and relationships, the Encyclopedia is uniquely positioned to bring focus to the complex and expansive sphere of global issues and their interconnected nature.
The initial content for the Encyclopedia was seeded from UIA’s Yearbook of International Organizations. UIA’s decades of collected data on the enormous variety of association life provided a broad initial perspective on the myriad problems of humanity. Recognizing that international associations are generally confronting world problems and developing action strategies based on particular values, the initial content was based on the descriptions, aims, titles and profiles of international associations.
Non-profit, apolitical, independent, and non-governmental in nature, the UIA has been a pioneer in the research, monitoring and provision of information on international organizations, international associations and their global challenges since 1907.