For over four thousand years, Megiddo, a hill in northern Israel, has been the site of battles. Ancient cities were established there to serve as a fortress on the plain of Jezreel to guard a mountain pass. As Megiddo was built and rebuilt, one city upon the other, a mound or hill was formed. The Hebrew word "Armageddon" means "hill of Megiddo." In English, the word has come to represent battle itself. The last book in the New Testament of the Bible designates Armageddon as the assembly point in the apocalyptic setting of God's final and conclusive battle against evil.
Apocalyptic faith is not exclusively pessimistic, dualistic, deterministic or escapist. The tradition of the faith is realistic because it reveals that within and behind the human power struggles there are cosmic powers at work. Only God's future judgement and a new act of creation can change the state of this world. When human intervention in power struggles are in vain, spiritual resistance movements lead to an ultimate hope.