Malpractice in oceanography
Corruption of chemical oceanographers
Underreporting of marine pollution
Professional misconduct of marine consultants
Illegal activities of marine hydrologists
Misuse of marine science
Temptations of oceanographic occupations
Oceanographers, under pressure from their employers, have adopted practices which lead to the underreporting of marine pollution and of hazards associated with semi-stable ocean current systems (such as El Nino) in the light of the risk of global warming, and the failure to investigate adequately the nature of such hazards. Such practices have contributed to the deterioration of inland seas (such as the Caspian) and enclosed seas (such as the Mediterranean).