Lack of animal breeding
Unmanaged cattle breeding
Unimproved domestic livestock
Governmental infrastructure for improving services for recording and progeny-performance testing is weak or non-existent in developing countries, and some potentially viable animal breeds and strains in the developing countries are much underutilized, even though the animals could play an important role in economic and social development.
The FAO includes the following animals as underutilized: Boran and Sahiwal cattle, Awassi sheep, Shami goats, water buffalo, and camelidae (llama and alpaca).