Infringement of proprietary information
Commercial property can include: unpatented inventions, processes and technologies; marketing, pricing, promotion, and distribution data; strategic plans; and internal corporate financial statements. All of these need to be kept secret to avoid offering competitors, domestic or foreign, unintentional help.
In the USA a growing number of States impose criminal liabilities on thefts of industrial secrets, in addition to the practice of awarding civil damages to plaintiffs whose proven proprietary trade secrets are lost through breach of employee confidentiality. Incidences include Japanese and Russian industrial espionage, in addition to the domestic variety endemic in some industries such as toys, fashion and other consumer goods, and in the high technology and computer related sectors.