Worldwide, 600,000,000 have no jobs or are less than fully employed. In the Third World, one in three who wants to work cannot find a regular job. In all countries, it is the young people who are hardest hit by unemployment; in the USA half of black teenagers are jobless.
11,000,000 babies around the world die before their first birthday. Relative to births, seven times as many infants die in the poorest countries as in the richest. As of 1980, less than 10% of children in the Third World were being immunized against the six common diseases of childhood; 5,000,000 died from them yearly.
Social neglect, like military affluence, grows out of excessive militarization. The relation between the military assumption of political power and the official use of violence within countries, between war and a heavy death toll among civilians, are the already perceptible effects of an arms race out of control. Beyond these, there are far-reaching effects on society that are more hidden but no less destructive of human life. An intensive arms buildup kills whether or not the weapons are put to use.