In the UK in 1993, 17% of male prisoners over 21 were non-white, although only 6% of all men of the same age are from minority groups. Most pronounced were Afro-Caribbeans, who made up 10.6% of the prison population and accounted for 29.2% of prisoners convicted for drug offences, 13.6% for rape, 13.3% for robbery, and 9.5% for fraud. Although the conviction rate of Indians, Pakistanis and Bangladeshis was not significantly different from other ethnic group in the population (3.0% of the prison population), they accounted for 8.2% of drugs convictions and 6.6% for fraud and forgery sentences.
Sentencing decisions regarding probation and incarceration reflect the same racial overtones as the earlier stages of the system. The racist practices of prosecutors was so prevalent that in 1986 the United States Supreme Court finally outlawed the practice of routinely removing blacks from the jury in Batson v. Kentucky (476 U.S. 79).