Power over others is the ability to reward and punish. The ability to get things done by an educated work force (power-to) requires a reduction of authority (power-over). Herein lies the problem - managers often do not want to give up authority - they love "power-over" for its own sake and in many cases, more than "power-to". If they seek to get things done, they should steer away form punishment/reward, or the carrot/stick approach. Exercise of power over others, in such an environment, results in lack of respect and the alienation of the members of the organization.