Gridlock in administrative relationships with rural communities
Life in many rural villages is still shaped by the limited services offered by outside administrative structures. Small communities have little access to the generally available services of agricultural research and credit, educational facilities, health care, electricity, telephone, paved roads, public transport systems or even clear land ownership records, although the existence and desirability of such services is known. Governmental and business structures are so overwhelmed by requests from thousands of villagers that they cannot respond; while thousands more villagers are so unclear about required procedure that they rarely dare to approach the administration for necessary services. Social groups and political factions may be so polarized as to prevent their effective approach to administrative structures; and the focus of representative leadership on mediating the diverse interests of these community segments may cause it to be it from making effective demands for outside services.