Excessive portrayal of negative information by the media
Media emphasis on bad news
Excessive unsupportive criticism by the media
Excessive portrayal of destabilizing information by the media
Negative press coverage of government
In 1993 it was reported that 60% of comments by nonpartisan sources were unfavourable to government and that this was consistent with a long-term trend reflecting a shift from descriptive to interpretative styles of reporting. Another study confirmed that from 1960 to 1990 portrayal of politicians has grown increasingly negative.