Risk of maritime accidents
Collisions at sea
The collision of seagoing vessels and ships running aground or capsizing may result in a grave loss of life, property, and in some cases in ecological disasters. Some of these disasters may be the result of unfavourable weather conditions; a defect which affects the safety of the ship; failure to follow steering and sailing rules of navigation and right-of-way; or negligence with regard to the observance of good seamanship, including the duty to carry lights or signals and safety equipment, to keep a proper look-out, or to take any other precautions required by the ordinary practice of seamen or the special circumstances of the voyage. Some collisions may have their origin in other accidents, particularly if a damaged ship does not sink but becomes a drifting object constituting a menace to other vessels that might strike it.