Often the only structure of formal education existing in rural communities is a primary school of several grades with one teacher. Many rural primary schools in underprivileged countries conduct classes for only a few hours a week and For most children, completion of the fourth grade is the end of formal education. A large number of young people from poorer families who begin work at an early age stop going to school. Transport and boarding expenses prohibit attendance at more advanced classes which are usually available only away from the village. When young people graduate from high school, they have to move to the cities for jobs and further education.
While continuing education is becoming increasingly necessary for individuals to keep up with the present rapid change, local schools and adult training opportunities are not available in most rural communities. Funds for educational use are often inadequate or misspent, and insufficient information or supplementary services such as transportation, scholarships, etc, results in little use being made of regional education structures. In the absence of effective structures of ongoing education, preparation for the future will continue to be limited and present patterns remain unchanged.