Undeveloped ecological planning
Unsustainable development of biological resources
The Convention on Biological Diversity was signed at UNCED in 1992 by 160 countries. Ratifying countries are required to identify and monitor their genetic resources and to prepare national plans to protect their biodiversity. Obligations also include conducting environmental impact assessments, inducing public/private cooperation, encouraging training and research. For many developing countries with weak conservation laws the obligations are significant, but it is argued that much will be gained in addition from the establishment of national sovereignty over biodiversity, from increases in present incentives to conserve and use biodiversity, and from the possibility to establish laws protecting a country's biodiversity.
The traditional practices of biodiversity management have been weakened over the past few centuries. Examples are the decline of small scale traditional farming methods, mass clearance of land for single purpose uses and the technological overcapacity of modern fishing fleets compared with traditional fishing methods.
1. Many of the planet's species have already been lost or condemned to extinction because of the slow response times of both the environment and policy makers; with one-quarter of the world's mammal species now at significant risk of total extinction, it is too late to preserve all the biodiversity that our planet once had.