International maldistribution of electrical energy
Energy deficient countries
The rate of progress of energy resource development in many developing countries has been quite inadequate both in relation to their potential endowment as well as their requirements for various kinds and types of energy. This is particularly the case for the least developed, low-income, energy deficient developing countries where even the basic knowledge of resource occurrence is extremely sparse and fragmentary. Compounding the problem is that developing countries have, almost without exceptions, faced considerable economic difficulties during the last few years, which have overshadowed all other developmental concerns, including energy. Also, many have lacked the financial resources necessary for a certain degree of autonomy in planning the development of the energy sector, and have also lacked the manpower resources to staff the various functions needed to support integrated energy policy-making.
Per capita commercial energy consumption in developing countries is only 2% of that of the developed world.
The large scale generation of electricity has built Western nations might and dramatically assisted in elevating its stand of living, all at the expense of our global environment. Meanwhile, the lack of inexpensive electrical power is a part of keeping developing countries poor, relatively unproductive, debt ridden and hungry. Maldistribution across time zones exacerbates peak and valley demands. Maldistribution between developed and developing countries hinders world trade and contributes to the debt crisis and low standards of living in the third world.