Inadequacy of religious doctrine
Ossification of faith in rigid doctrine
The rise of the Third Reich, and the establishment of communism, for example, may be seen as the results of the failure of religion. Religion appears to be inadequate, particularly in the view of disadvantaged or intellectual people in highly industrialized and technically developed societies where conservatively interpreted religious doctrines may be in direct conflict with social progress. Newer or more liberal doctrines may be insufficient or lack credibility to replace them. In developing countries, religion may impede progress to an even greater extent by holding the allegiance of masses of poor and uneducated people whose main solace is in religious belief. Among indigenous populations, the influences of the large and unacculturated institutionalized religions may serve to hasten ethnic disintegration but not to fulfil the needs of such populations in transition to a different way of life.
The great world religions have become what they are partly because of their social contributions in ages past, and particularly because they look at longer time frames than the maximum one generation span of attention of society. That every living creature, and those still to come, has an inviolable right to life is a religious viewpoint, without which societies would be inhumane. That every human being has a moral conscience and a right to exercise it is also a religious point of view. And, finally, that all men are brothers, is not a fact of science, but is an inspiration of the human spirit.