Drug-assisted rape

Name(s): 
Drug rape
Rape through drug induced debilitation
Nature 

Date rape drugs are colourless, tasteless and odourless substances that can easily be slipped into beverages undetected. Rape drugs are strong relaxants, the effects of which can be felt as soon as 15 minutes after administration. These effects include blackouts, coma, impaired judgement and loss of coordination.

Rohypnol, gamma hydroxybutyrate (GHB), and ketamine are predominantly central nervous system depressants. Because they are often colourless, tasteless and odorless, they can be easily added to beverages and ingested unknowingly. These drugs have emerged as the so called "date rape" drugs.

Background 

Gamma hydroxybutyrate (GHB) is a medicine originally designed as a pre-operative anaesthetic and natural sleep aid. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, college students looking to get a quick high used GHB recreationally. After losing its popularity in the late 1980s, GHB again became popular for use as a "date rape" drug in the mid 1990s. GHB or "Liquid G", or "G", a powerful synthetic drug, acts as a depressant on the central nervous system. It is marketed in liquid, pill, or powder form. It is being marketed on the Internet as an aphrodisiac, an aid for sleep and for its alcohol-like high. Mostly, young people attending parties and nightclubs and bodybuilders use the drug.

Rohypnol, popularly called "roofie", is the brand name for flunitrazepam. It is classified in the pharmaceutical family as Valium, although ten times more powerful. It is a potent and fast-acting sedative, prescribed by doctors for severe and debilitating sleep disorders since 1975. The severe mental incapacitation, along with the amnesia produced by Rohypnol, make it difficult, if not impossible, for rape victims to recall the circumstances surrounding a sexual assault.

Ketamine is an anaesthetic approved primarily for veterinary use but is also used in human surgeries. The brand names include Vetalar and Ketaset. It produces effects similar to those of PCP or LSD. A user will either snort or swallow the drug as a powder or swallow or inject it into muscle as a liquid. Use of ketamine has been reported at teen "rave" parties. Women looking to buy ecstasy in nightclubs have been deliberately given ketamine instead.

Incidence 

The following symptoms may indicate a person has ingested a date-rape drug: (a) feelings of dizziness, confusion or other sudden and unexplainable symptoms after drinking a beverage; (b) exhibiting a level of intoxication incongruous with the amount of alcohol the person is known to have been drinking; (c) overly promiscuous or sexually aggressive behaviour uncharacteristic of the victim; (d) extensive vomiting; (e) loss of consciousness or coma-like symptoms; and (f) seizures.

The US Congress passed the "Drug-Induced Rape Prevention and Punishment Act of 1996" in October 1996. This legislation increased Federal penalties for use of any controlled substance to aid in sexual assault.

Claim 

1. Some date rape drugs remain in the system for as little as 6-8 hours, so it is imperative to have a urine sample drawn as soon as possible. Some date rape drugs can be detected days later, so it can be worthwhile to begin the testing process up to a week after the incident.

2. Date rape drugs are perfect. A man slips a women a bit of the drug in her drink, half an hour later she goes into a kind of trance and he rapes her. When she wakes up, she remembers nothing. Even if she suspects rape, she can't give any details, and by the time any toxicology tests are done, there's no trace of the drug in her bloodstream.

Type 
(F) Fuzzy exceptional problems