Distortion of international trade through obstacles to patent protection

Under present conditions, separate applications must be made in every country where patent protection is desired, resulting in a very costly duplication of searching and examining efforts. In view of the fact that most patent offices are labouring under steadily increasing backlogs of applications because of the rapid development of new techniques, efforts to eliminate this duplication are very much needed. Such difficulties discourage trade with marginal countries.
(D) Detailed problems