Disparities in global distribution of communication resources and facilities

Inadequate development of national communication services
Communications are a powerful instrument in the motivation and mobilization of human effort. Communication disparities exist in both developed and developing countries. In industrialized countries, it is generally stratification - by sex, age, education, income level, nationality or race, employment, geography - that produces groups which are communication-deprived.

The tendency to concentrate communication facilities in a few urban centers, leads to a relative isolation of the rural communities from the rest of the country and the outside world. Some countries have TV transmitters which cover only the main cities and immediate surroundings; many villages have no telephones, as the existing networks are for urban populations only. Illiteracy obviously excludes many from use of communication facilities, as does the limited production and distribution of newspapers, periodicals and books. These basic drawbacks are compounded in many countries by the number of languages used by different population groups, for which it would be economically impossible to provide printed material.

The least industrialized countries are particularly disadvantaged in the coverage of their population by telephones (3.7 per 1,000 people), postal services (one post office for 11,000 people), radio transmission and radio receivers.
(D) Detailed problems